Fralick Financial Blog


Wishing all our clients a wonderful, happy and safe holiday season and

all the best in 2021!

October 2020 Market Update:



Rising COVID-19 infection counts continue to stifle economic recovery across North America and Europe.

Equity markets and investor sentiment weakened as U.S. election uncertainty loomed throughout the month.

Bond yields rose sharply early in the month, only to land back roughly where they started.

Most equity markets weakened in October as U.S. election news and rising COVID-19 counts blanketed the airwaves alongside the season’s first snowfall blanketing lawns. In contrast, cannabis stocks were up. Yeah, I know… sometimes markets really do make sense!

On cue with the turning autumn leaves, investor sentiment shifted from ‘optimism in the face of concern’ to a risk-off ‘time to consolidate gains and batten down the hatches’ view of the markets. 

Early in October, equity markets were lifted by easy monetary policy and the promise of more fiscal stimulus. Investors seemingly ignored the elevated risks and uncertainties of extended stock valuations and worrisome health pandemic trends – a view commonly known as ‘climbing a wall of worry’. Then President Trump got infected and hospitalized with the COVID-19 virus. Despite recovering in time for a surprisingly civilized presidential debate, U.S. election uncertainty and fears of the economic impact from the global pandemic weighed heavily on investors throughout the remainder of October. 

Finally, toward month’s end, the golden tech sector lost some of its luster. After months of rip-roaring returns driving broad market gains, companies like Apple disappointed on new sales. Most of the big mega tech names also failed to give the markets the optimistic enough forward-looking guidance they wanted with their third-quarter results. In the end, it sparked a meaningful selloff with North American benchmarks falling ~5% in the final week of the month.

Other risk assets, such as oil, also suffered in October. Oil was down substantially on the month (West Texas -11%) due to continued concerns over excess global supply and already fragile demand forecasts. On-again, off-again rumours and posturing around further fiscal stimulus from the U.S. government added to volatility, without any progress heading into the election. Markets likely still need (and certainly want) additional stimulus. Eventually, there will likely be something. In the interim, markets are left to continue to oscillate over rhetoric around the type, size and timing of any further fiscal relief as daily virus case-counts continue to set records and hospitalizations rise. 

Other than the month’s blow-by-blow tale of events, the overall capital market picture in October reflected an acceptance that some downward re-rating of growth expectations and recovery assumptions is necessary in light of renewed virus concerns – especially given the situation in Europe and other regions where restrictions are being increased.

More like a bounce than a high

All Canadian equity sectors booked negative results in October, with the noted exception of the Health Care sector, which reported a very strong +7% monthly return. Why this sector when all others weakened under the weight of uncertainty and worry? The answer is cannabis (this is not a product endorsement – just a comment on markets). This highly volatile sub-sector, which makes up ~39% of Canada’s Health Care sector weight, got ‘lit’ in October. It rebounded from an almost equal decline in September (not that the rest of the year has been much better: YTD Total Return S&P/TSX Cannabis Index is -50%). So, while the story would be more fun to report if a sudden surge in consumer demand was due to the never-ending onslaught of political and COVID related news, the industry’s October results were more about the market bounce than the high.

Bank of Canada tapers bond purchases

On October 28, the Bank of Canada kept the overnight rate steady at 0.25% and stated they expect no changes until at least 2023. They did, however, announce an adjustment to their quantitative easing program. They will taper their weekly purchases to $4 billion (still over $200 billion per year), but the buying will be more heavilyconcentrated on longer-term bonds. This news was expected to result in lower bond yields, but instead, bond yields rose to test their highest levels in four months before coming back down to close the month where they began. Canadian fixed-income markets got through the month with only slight negative returns, chipping away at what remains strong year-to-date results.

U.S. Election – the count goes on

At the time of writing, U.S. Election day has passed but the uncertainty around who will occupy the Oval Office in 2021 remains. What we do know at this time:

There is no Biden Blue Wave (i.e., an overwhelming sweep of Democrats into power across the House, Senate and Oval Office).

Counting all the votes and the resulting legal wrangling will likely take days or weeks to sort out. 

Capital markets’ early reaction is a rebound from late October’s swoon as the uncertainty of the event itself has passed. Even the worst fears of a contested election, while still lingering, are viewed as manageable. In the days and weeks ahead, we expect a return of some market volatility as the dust settles and asset prices adjust to unfolding events. For now, markets like the prospect of continued political gridlock in Washington D.C. – something they have traditionally welcomed. There is a caveat: the path to further fiscal stimulus is one area where gridlock is likely to become a hurdle, one that could be put on hold while the transition of power gets sorted out. 

Beyond the near term, the market response becomes more nuanced. Longer-term issues are likely to focus on the winning party’s approach to issues like U.S. trade relations – something that plays a particularly significant role in our Canadian economy. Eventually, investors will turn back to market fundamentals to drive longer-term return expectations. To that end, we see the global economy’s ability to overcome the challenges presented by the health pandemic to far outweigh the political stripes of the next U.S. President. 

April 15, 2020


As we continue through the Covid-19 pandemic, markets continue to be unstable.  Since March 23, 2020 the markets have recovered some from the lowest points but are still down signifcantly from the highs of early February prior to the pandemic.  


As the reality of this pandemic sets in we are beginning to realize that the economy will be impacted harder and longer than first thought.  Governments around the world are actively working to ease the negative impact of the shut down of economies.  Some areas of concern now are; the amount of corporate debt in North America and how corporations will be able to maintain and service these debt levels with reduced income by the shut down of the economy.  Default levels are expected to rise.  Small and Mid size corporations are expected to be more severly impacted by the shut down of the economy and without adequate government stimulus many smaller corporations and businesses may not weather the storm and go out of business.  This will have an overall negative impact on the recovery of the economy.  


Recovery from this pandemic is still difficult to forecast.  As we go through this Covid-19 pandemic we are experiencing many 'first time market events' and we have no history of such events to help us to predict outcomes.  Our current best guess is that we will not see stabiloity in the markets and any significant uplift in the markets until much later in 2020 or early 2021.  At this point, the economy and markets do seem to be correlated to news of a vaccine for the corronavirus.  



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2019 Year End


Markets continued to reach record highs and 2019 has been a good year providing record growth in most sectors of the market.  The North American economy continues to expand and grow with some indicators showing slowing but still growing.  The Dow Jones Industrial Average grew by 23% and the TSX grew by 19% in 2019.  Our forecast for 2020 looks positive with slower growth in the economy and we expect at least single digit growth in markets in North America. 

Mid Year Review 2019

Equities, bonds, commodities and the Canadian dollar – all flashed
green for the first half of 2019.


The first half of 2019 saw equity markets around the world bounce back following a challenging final quarter of 2018. Double-digit gains allowed North American equity markets to regain new highs. Bond yields plummeted, resulting in very healthy returns for fixed-income investors.

Trade tensions dominated the year’s first-half narrative, but a dovish policy shift from various central banks, most notably the U.S. Federal Reserve, provided welcome support for equity markets. With inflation remaining contained, the Fed pivoted toward a rate-cutting bias in an effort to prolong the current economic expansion.

Global growth showed signs of deceleration in the first half of the year, particularly in forward-looking survey data, such as Purchasing Manager Indices. Along with softer economic data, a rapid decline in bond yields flashed a warning to economic momentum. Canadian and U.S. 10-year bond yields fell below 3-month yields resulting in a portion of the yield curve becoming inverted  – The inverted yield curve. North American bond yields continue to be weighed down by negative interest rate policies on the part of central banks in Europe and Japan. German 10-year government bond yields fell as low as -0.33% in June and bear a lower negative yield than their Japanese counterparts. The pile of negative-yielding global bonds now stands at a massive US$12.92 trillion.

Trade uncertainty resulted in increased equity market volatility. The trade battle between the U.S. and China ebbed and flowed. Early year optimism over a potential deal initially supported equity market growth. Then tensions ratcheted up after talks broke down in early May, resulting in increased U.S. tariffs on Chinese imports and imposed sanctions against Chinese tech giant, Huawei. The trade battle is being waged on two fronts: trade in goods, excluding technology; and, a separate battle for technology with its attendant national security concerns. Investors weighed the probability of an escalating trade war – and the resulting hit to corporate earnings – versus the possibility that some sort of deal could be struck at any point. Trade developments remain hard to predict; particularly so in an era where a ‘tweet’ can instantly change the narrative.

Oil prices bounced back as U.S. WTI crude prices rallied over 50% from their late-2018 lows, peaking in April at US$66/bbl, then sinking back to the low $50s on fears of slowing demand growth and high inventory levels, before finishing June with another run at $US60/bbl. Gold prices rallied above $1,400 on a more dovish Fed, falling bond yields, and a weaker U.S. dollar.

Canadian Equities

Canadian equities enjoyed a robust first half of 2019. The S&P/TSX Composite was up double digits, as all eleven GICs sectors finished in the green. Information Technology led gains, helped by spectacular returns from high flying e-commerce firm Shopify (up 108%). The small but growing Health Care sector also saw big price gains, pushed higher by continued flows into cannabis stocks. The heavyweight Financials and Energy sectors were big contributors, benefitting from an improved macro backdrop relative to late 2018. The large Canadian banks reported mixed financial results, but are generally continuing to benefit from a robust Canadian economy and limited signs of credit stress. The Energy sector benefitted from higher oil prices, while falling interest rates also provided a tailwind for the higher-yielding pipeline stocks. Canadian heavy oil differentials narrowed sharply on the back of government mandated production cuts. Other interest-rate sensitive sectors such as Utilities and Real Estate were boosted by the sharp drop in bond yields. The Materials sector lagged for much of the period before a sharp June rally in gold prices brought on strong performance. Base metal prices saw more muted gains due to the trade concerns that weighed on the outlook for global growth and the demand picture from emerging market economies. On a style basis, growth equities outperformed, while Canadian small caps significantly underperformed largely due to weaker energy sector returns – cautious energy investors have gravitated to more defensive, larger market cap energy names.Bar chart that shows all 11 S&P/TSX Composite Index sectors up an average of 18.1% on the year so far as at June 28, 2019. Information Technology is up the most at 43.0% and Communication Services up the least at 7.4%.

U.S. Equities

The S&P 500 rebounded strongly following sharp losses in Q4 2018, hitting a new record high in April and again in June to extend the current record long bull market run. Now into its eleventh year, the S&P 500 is up a cumulative 334.8% or 15.4% CAGR from the March 9, 2009 low of 676 (see GLC Insights – Riding the backside of the U.S. bull market). The policy pivot from the Fed was a key factor in flipping investor sentiment. Investors appeared to largely look through the trade-related noise, hoping and expecting a truce in the trade war. A stellar 13.6% price-only return in Q1 (U.S. dollar terms) marked the best quarterly return for the S&P 500 Index since Q3 2009, while a June rally allowed Q2 to finish in positive territory.

All eleven sectors finished up on a YTD basis, with only Health Care failing to reach double-digit returns. Information technology led gains, helped by strong returns from mega-cap names such as Microsoft, Apple, Mastercard and Visa. Continued strong gains from e-commerce giant Amazon lifted the Consumer Discretionary sector. The stabilized macro environment contributed to robust gains for the U.S. banks within the Financials sector. The Communication Services sector lagged the broader market as headline noise regarding increased regulatory headwinds weighed on select names such as Alphabet. Falling interest rates provided support for interest-rate sensitive sectors, such as Real Estate and Utilities.Bar chart that shows how much every S&P500 sector is up year to date to June 28, 2019. All 11 sectors are up an average of 16.5% with Information Technology leading the pack at 26.1% and Heath Care trailing at 7.1%.

Surge in IPOs

IPO activity surged in the U.S. during the first six months of the year, with the market rally providing founders and owners of private companies a window of opportunity to go public. Notable IPOs included ride-sharing giants Uber and Lyft, as well as the popular workplace communications company, Slack. These companies saw share price weakness following their public listings, but one big IPO winner was Beyond Meat, who saw its share price gain over 6x on huge hype around its plant-based protein alternatives.

International Equities

International equities produced positive gains but trailed their North American peers. European equities moved in tandem with their global peers despite continued political uncertainties. Brexit deadlines were pushed out to the fall as both sides were unable to come to a deal, prompting U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May to resign. Populist pressures remained front and centre in Europe: Italy and the E.U. battled over fiscal targets and street protests continued in France. Japanese and emerging market equities both underperformed, largely due to trade and Chinese growth concerns. Europe and Asia are both severely impacted by whatever moves China makes. The uncertain trade outlook was somewhat offset by Chinese policymakers embarking on a substantial set of economic stimulus policies, spurred on by trade and growth concerns.


Fixed Income

The FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index produced strong returns in the first half of 2019, with the 6.5% total return exceeding the full calendar year return in each of the previous four years. North American bond yields fell sharply during the period, continuing a trend that began early in the fourth quarter of 2018. Canadian 10-year bond yields are now more than a full percentage point below their early October 2018 levels (which had marked a four-year high). Long-term bonds outperformed relative to their shorter maturity counterparts. On a sector basis, provincial bonds were the clear winners while high-yield bonds lagged.

The fall in bond yields coincided with a policy shift from various central banks, most notably the U.S. Federal Reserve, which abruptly shifted to a rate-cutting bias after most recently hiking rates a quarter point last December. The Bank of Canada (BoC) left rates unchanged during the period as our bank rate sits 0.75% below that of the U.S. The BoC continues to monitor developments, both domestically and abroad – most notably an unratified USMCA and a reticence to encourage further borrowing amongst already indebted Canadian businesses and households.Line chart comparing year-to-date Canadian bond market performance as at June 28, 2019. The FTSE TMX Universe All Corporate Index is up 6.8% compared to the FTSE TMX Universe Bond Index at 6.5% and the FTSE TMX High Yield Overall Index at 4.9%. Table showing 2019 year-to-date Canadian interest rate changes to June 28. 3-month Treasury Bills are up two basis points to 1.66%; 2-year, 10-year and 30-year Government of Canada bonds are all down between 39 and 50 basis points.Mid-Year Capital Market Outlook

We believe the global economy has enough positive momentum to continue with some slowdown within the next two to four quarters. However, at this time we believe equities are pricing in some of the more positive outcomes, despite great uncertainty remaining with the outcome of the U.S. trade agenda and the magnitude and timing of central bank easing interventions. What’s causing us concern are the sharp advances in equities, commodities and bonds. The ‘bull market in everything’ scenario is not one that can last forever.

Our 2019 Mid-Year Outlook calls for single-digit equity price gains between now and the end of the year. Bouts of trade-, political- and geopolitical-related volatility may be severe enough to present buying opportunities for those comfortable with a pro-risk stance. This expected environment lends itself to active portfolio management with its tactical slants and individual security selections that seek out superior growth, quality and/or yield opportunities within markets. We are maintaining our current positions/asset allocation and taking a more neutral stance on risk.  

May 1, 2019


Market Outlook


In market cycles, we believe acceleration is followed by moderation, before eventually giving way to decline, with moderation being a normal, albeit less desirable stage. Importantly, this means growth has peaked, but that does not immediately give way to economic or corporate earnings decline, rather just lower growth. Today’s debate is around how much global economies and corporate earnings will grow and, importantly, not how much will they shrink.

Shifts in corporate earnings, bond yields and equity valuations are changing the opportunity costs of all asset classes, resulting in narrowed expected outcome differentials between asset classes. On the macro-economic side, all manner of politics, geopolitical risks, trade and inflation are creating unique concerns for various regions and industry sectors around the globe. All these factors combine to increase today’s complex task of finding a path forward.

From a top-down asset class level, we recommend a neutral stance (risk-tolerance aligned); this is neither overweight in bonds or equities. Under the current climate of increased volatility, slowing economic growth and rising interest rates (i.e., the tell-tale signs of progress through the later-stage of a market cycle), we believe a balance between risks and opportunities can best be achieved by fine-tuning portfolio positions within asset classes.

Bottom line: We believe a neutral stance (within one’s personal risk tolerance) with a defensive bias is most appropriate for today’s investors. 


Outlook Summary

Fixed income

Fixed income’s value as a risk-mitigation tool has increased, and continues to increase, the longer we go in the cycle. Bond yields have moved up such that income flowing is now better than it has been for the past two years. We expect further increases in bond yields, which will erode some of the income component, but the yield increases we forecast will leave a small positive total return. Maintain a neutral weighting in fixed income, with a move toward higher credit quality. 

Government bonds

Government bonds are attractive for their superior risk-mitigation qualities. Sovereign bond yields have risen enough that they can provide an income component while delivering the highest level of upside in the event of a risk-off scenario.

Investment grade corporate bonds

We see investment-grade corporate bonds as most attractive given their mix of yield pickup and modest safety. We expect investment-grade corporate bonds to outperform governments. Spreads have limited room for further tightening. Their generally shorter duration and higher running yield is a benefit in a rising rate environment.

High-yield corporate bonds

High yield spreads remain low. Given the very narrow spread levels and their lack of risk-mitigation characteristics, we see the risk/reward trade-off in high yield as unattractive.


We believe that the global economy and corporate earnings growth are shifting from acceleration to moderation (not decline), keeping our near-term outlook for equities constructive. Our expected return outcomes between equities and bonds, and amongst regional equity allocations, have narrowed. On a risk-adjusted basis, a neutral stance is most appropriate.


Canada is a favoured market due to its significant expected earnings growth and attractive valuations. These factors have existed for some time, with little appreciation. Canadian equities require a positive shift in sentiment to unlock their value.


We hold a constructive view on U.S. equities based on reasonable valuations and earnings growth potential. Past peak, but a shift to a period of normalized earnings growth and improved valuations will help them post a high single-digit return. The return outlook, lower risk profile and diversification benefits lead us to maintain a slight overweight.


We hold a neutral view toward EAFE equities as the group offers a combination of reasonable earnings growth and valuations. Risks remain, but we see a moderation in many of the key risks through 2019 that allows EAFE equities to narrow the performance gap that has opened up against U.S. equities.

Emerging markets

We recommend an underweight to emerging markets, although some of the headwinds from a firmer U.S. dollar, global bond yields trending higher and moderating Chinese growth are set to abate (not disappear). The risk profile of this asset class tempers any enthusiasm at this stage of the market cycle.


January 2019


2018 Year in Review 


After a very calm 2017, where investors made money in most asset class, investors were brought back to reality during 2018.

Corporate earnings and most fundamentals remained strong, but the ongoing monetary policy tightening cycle in the U.S. and increasing trade tensions (most notably between the U.S. and China) pushed up equity risk premiums and placed downward pressure on valuation multiples. Equity market returns were weighed down by commentary around the length of the current economic cycle (the U.S. economy is on track to mark a record in 2019) and the potential of a slowdown in global growth. Severe equity and bond market volatility was particularly notable throughout December; U.S. equity markets retreated sharply to narrow their year-long outperformance gap with non-U.S. equities. The S&P 500 narrowly averted entering ‘bear market’ territory, with a peak-to-trough decline of 19.8%, before recovering by 6.6% into the end of the year. North American bond yields witnessed wide swings; Canadian two-year bond yields ended the year higher on the back of three Bank of Canada rate hikes, while 10-year bond yields ended the year lower. The outcome was a modest positive return for bond investors. Importantly, bonds also provided the necessary offset balanced investors rely on, with a near 3% jump for the FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index coinciding with the fourth quarter swoon for equities.

U.S. equities finished in the red but continued to outperform relative to their developed market peers. Robust corporate earnings, boosted by tax cuts, provided fundamental support for U.S. stocks. Multiple contraction offset much of the earnings growth tailwind, resulting in negative returns – a significant downward shift following the ~20% returns achieved in 2017. Much of the damage came in the fourth quarter, which wiped out decent gains up to that point.

Canadian equities struggled, weighed down by weaker commodity prices and some Canada-centric issues around high household debt, inflated housing prices, low oil prices, resource export bottlenecks, trade frictions and business competitiveness. Across the ocean, political tensions and uncertainty weighed on European equities with the U.K. edging closer to a hard Brexit in 2019 and a new Italian government, whose views on fiscal policy stand at odds with the European Union’s guidelines. The MSCI Emerging Markets (EM) Index entered ‘bear market’ territory in September as it struggled in the face of a stronger U.S. dollar, tightening global liquidity, a slowing Chinese economy, trade uncertainty and a variety of issues (mainly political) in Turkey, Russia and Latin America.

Trade tensions dominated headlines in 2018. The U.S. and China’s tit-for-tat tariff battle weighed heavily as investors feared its impact on an economic cycle that was already “long in the tooth”. President Trump and his trade team were rarely outside the news headlines, setting the tone for capital markets. The U.S., Mexico and Canada finally came to a tentative agreement on a revised NAFTA (now called the USMCA), but the drama weighed heavily on Canadian equities.

Monetary policy divergence remained a prescient theme. The U.S. Federal Reserve continued its quarterly rate hike path with four rate increases, bringing the total to nine since late 2015, while continuing to shrink its balance sheet from its QE-induced largess. Europe and Japan maintained their ultra-easy policy stances. The Bank of Canada hiked rates three times, hesitant to move as aggressively as the U.S. due to ongoing NAFTA negotiations, weak domestic oil prices and highly indebted consumers. A weak loonie provided solace for Canadian investors with foreign investment exposure.

Canadian Equities

Pipe dreams!

Sentiment toward Canadian equities remained weak. Losses for the S&P/TSX Composite (TSX) were greatest during the two periods of global equity instability in late January and in Q4. NAFTA negotiations were a headwind and provided little relief, even when a tentative agreement was reached in October. Another factor weighing on the TSX was its outsized exposure to underperforming sectors, most notably energy. While the S&P/TSX Composite underperformed the S&P 500, it outperformed European, Japanese and emerging market equities in local currency terms.

U.S. WTI (West Texas Intermediate) oil prices collapsed during the fourth quarter, falling over 40% from their October peak of $76USD. This only tells half the story for the Canadian energy sector however. Pipelines were the theme for 2018. Or, more accurately, a lack of pipelines. A lack of takeaway capacity wreaked havoc for the sector, with widening differentials (Western Canadian Select versus U.S. WTI) slamming already weak sentiment toward Canadian oil producers. Issues came to a head in July when the Federal government stepped in to buy the TransMountain Expansion project from Kinder Morgan Canada, followed later in the year by unprecedented steps from the Alberta government to start buying railcars and locomotives to bolster crude-by-rail capacity, along with instituting industry-wide production curtailments. Canadian oil prices did improve toward the end of the year, but sentiment toward the sector remained depressed.

The heavyweight financials sector also lagged. Concerns over indebted consumers and a slowing domestic housing market outweighed solid financial results for the banks, with the Big Six banks generating a record total of $45.3-billion in earnings for the 2018 fiscal year. The materials sector likewise weighed on index performance: copper prices were weak on the back of slowing global growth concerns and gold companies underperformed relative to bullion prices.

A lack of enthusiasm for Canadian equities was even more evident in the small cap space, with the S&P/TSX Small Cap Index entering ‘bear market’ territory late in the year.

U.S. Equities

The bull creeps on…

U.S. equities continued to outperform their global peers, but it was far from smooth sailing in 2018. The S&P recovered nicely following an early year sell off, notably marking the longest bull market on record in August (3,453 days at that point), before a fourth quarter correction that narrowly missed entering ‘bear market’ territory erased all the YTD gains. Strong earnings growth from corporate America, boosted higher by tax cuts, were a key reason for U.S. outperformance. Rising interest rates and the ongoing trade dispute between the U.S. and China more than offset this resulting in valuation multiple compression that pushed returns into the red. A weakening loonie helped to positively boost U.S. equity returns slightly for Canadian investors.

Technology stocks (some now reclassified as ‘communication services’) finally paused after a relentless run in recent years. The tech-heavy NASDAQ Index managed to outperform the S&P 500 for the year, but entered ‘bear market’ territory in December. The five FAANG stocks (Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix and Google) experienced drawdowns on average of 36%. Some company-specific issues weighed on the group; most notably, a Facebook personal user data scandal. Fears of a global growth slowdown weighed on cyclically-oriented sectors such as industrials, energy and materials. Signs of slowing growth, a flattening yield curve and political uncertainty hit returns for U.S. financials. Defensive sectors such as health care and utilities were the only gainers – the latter benefitting from the fourth quarter collapse in bond yields.

International Equities

Modest markets and volatile politics

The situation in Europe remained cloudy as 2018 drew to a close. Europe’s three traditional powerhouses, Germany, France and Britain, all faced political challenges that weighed on European equity markets. Germany’s Angela Merkel lost key political support while French president Emmanuel Macron was confronted with protests as he struggled to follow through on his reform program. No one had a harder job than British Prime Minister Theresa May, whose Brexit plans remain in flux with the March 2019 deadline fast approaching. Against this backdrop, along with some softening economic growth in the region, European equities finished down double digits for the year. The Euro and the British pound also saw sizable declines. Meanwhile, Japanese equities couldn’t escape the global equity selloff. A sharp fourth quarter drop resulted in a ‘bear market’ that left the Nikkei 225 Stock Index in the red
for the year.

After a stellar 34% return in 2017, emerging markets (EM) struggled in 2018, entering ‘bear market’ territory in September. EM was weighed down by tighter global liquidity (stemming from higher U.S. interest rates and U.S. dollar appreciation) and signs of moderation in global economic growth. The threat of a U.S. and China trade war weighed on sentiment across EM, most notably in Asia, with concerns the current standoff could escalate further and destabilize the global trading order. U.S. dollar strength has adversely affected countries with large U.S. dollar denominated debt, such as Turkey and Argentina, who both faced currency crises in 2018.

Fixed Income

A bumpy ride

The FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index produced a positive total return in 2018; however, bond investors endured a high degree of market volatility. A shifting ‘risk on’ versus ‘risk off’ narrative resulted in significant intra-period moves; the Universe Index was down over 1% on a YTD basis on three separate occasions before subsequently recovering into positive territory each time. U.S. 10-year bond yields rose sharply early in the year and broke above the 3.0% level on a few occasions, a level last seen in 2013 (and only briefly then), before a fourth quarter drop saw it finish the year at 2.68%. The Government of Canada 10-year bond yield rose above 2.5% for the first time since 2014, before a similar fourth-quarter collapse saw them end the year roughly where they started. The U.S. Federal Reserve hiked rates each quarter while the Bank of Canada hiked three times. Inflation in both the U.S. and Canada remained stable, with wage growth remaining contained despite extremely low unemployment rates in both countries.

When all was said and done, short-term bonds shone brighter than longer-term bonds, and government bonds bested their corporate peers. Investment-grade corporate and high-yield bonds both ended the year with wider credit spreads, but posted positive returns due to their higher running yield.

2019 Capital Market Outlook

Striking a delicate balance

Heading into 2019, the general theme underpinning our outlook is moderation. For market cycles, we believe acceleration is followed by moderation, before eventually giving way to decline, with moderation being a normal, albeit less desirable stage. Importantly, this means growth has peaked, but that does not immediately give way to economic or corporate earnings decline, rather just lower growth. Shifts in corporate earnings, bond yields and equity valuations are changing the opportunity costs of all asset classes. We recommend a neutral stance (risk-tolerance aligned) that is neither overweight in bonds or equities.


June 13, 2018
Market Update:

Global equities were largely in rally mode, led by gains for all the major US indices. In the US, information technology was behind the pack, but still gained enough for the tech heavy NASDAQ to mark a new all-time high. The domestically focused, less trade and US dollar sensitive, Russell 2000 small cap index also posted a fresh all-time high for the fourth week in a row. For the broader S&P 500, the recovery in bond yields (see chart of the week) led the financial sector higher, enough to erase the YTD loss. While in Canada, technology is also a market darling, but its tiny 4% weighting pales to the 26% weighting in the S&P 500 - nearly double any other sector. Canada’s largest sector, the financial sector, benefitted from the higher bond yields. Despite solid earnings growth, robust dividend yields (~3.75% for the banks), and share buybacks, the sector remains underwater YTD - a situation that, to us, spells opportunity.

Emerging markets were a notable laggard despite weakness for the US dollar and some positive developments in the US-China trade ‘discussions’. Emerging markets have failed to meaningfully join any of the post-March equity rallies. This is despite the tech sector being a stand out (the largest sector in the MSCI EM Index) and significant gains for commodity prices, also an EM heavyweight (note the weekly and QTD gains for copper prices – they’re closing in on a four-year high). Our outlook for emerging markets has soured because of: A poor technical backdrop and weakening fundamentals, such as slower growth in Japan and moderating growth in China; along with tighter monetary policy in developed markets forcing tightening in emerging markets to defend their currencies.

Although the volume of trade rhetoric remains high and negative in all of the other US trade disputes, there were positive developments between the US and China. The US cleared the way for Chinese tech company ZTE to restart operations – a positive for the Chinese. On China’s end, it has offered to buy ~$70 billion worth of US energy and agriculture products in an effort to stem the widening trade imbalance. However, $70 billion is much lower than what the US has asked for, and small in comparison to the 12-month trade deficit with China that widened to a record $386 billion. Note that the 12-month trade deficit with Mexico widened to $71.4 billion - also a record, the German trade deficit widened to $71.5 billion, and although the trade deficit with Japan narrowed the past month, it still sits at $69.9 billion. What about Canada? A target of the US President’s negative tweets – Canada’s 12-month rolling trade deficit with the US narrowed to $15.7 billion, by far the most balanced relationship that the US has with its major trading partners.


Chart of the week: Global bond yields recoup much of May’s slide

Global bond yields have quickly arrested their downward swoon, recovering a large part of the May decline, which was sparked by fears around Italy’s government. Italian yields remain elevated having more to do with Italy’s finances than “Italeave”, as the new Italian PM pledged that "leaving the euro has never been considered..." and “Europe is our home”. Eurozone bond yields were further boosted by comments from a senior ECB official that tapering their asset purchase program will be discussed at this week’s meeting. Still, German bond yields remain off their prior-year peak, and European stocks remain down on the year, reflecting the softer eurozone economic data of late. Some of the slowdown can be blamed on large labour strikes, harsh weather and significant flu outbreaks in Q1. The slowdown has brought expectations down markedly, with the eurozone Economic Surprise Index sitting at its lowest level in seven years. Bottoms for these metrics have often augured future rallies for stocks.


The week in review

  •         Canadian employment (May) fell 7,500 (versus +23,500 expected). The unemployment rate held steady at 5.8%, but only due to a drop in the participation rate. Wage growth rose meaningfully to 3.9% y/y from 3.3% prior, marking a nine-year high.
  •         Canada’s merchandise trade deficit (April) narrowed to $1.9 billion (versus $3.4 billion deficit expected).
  •         Canadian capacity utilization rate rose 0.1% to 86.1% (versus 86.4% expected), reaching a 12-year high.
  •         US goods & services trade deficit (April) narrowed to $46.2 billion from $49.0 billion prior.
  •         German industrial production (April) fell 1.0% m/m (versus +0.3% expected); France industrial production (April) fell 0.5% m/m (versus +0.3% expected).
  •         Chinese (May) exports rose 12.6% (versus 11.1% expected), and imports skyrocketed 26% (versus 18% expected). 
  •         May PMI recap: US ISM non-manufacturing +1.8 to 58.6; Japan services -1.5 to 51.0, composite -1.4 to 51.7; eurozone services -0.9 to 53.8, composite -1.0 to 54.1; UK services +1.2 to 54.0, composite +1.3 to 54.5; China Caixin services flat at 52.9, composite flat at 52.3.


The week ahead

  • US, Europe and Japan central bank meetings
  • US, UK, China, eurozone  inflation data
  • US retail sales, capacity utilization and consumer sentiment data
  • US, eurozone, Japan, UK and China industrial production
  • Canadian housing data

May 2018


The markets have been very voliatile since the start of 2018.  We have had a relatively smooth past decade of investing with moderate to low volatility.  However, in the first 5 months of 2018 it seems the calm is over.  Volatility can test our nerves but it also can present opportunities.  In times of high volatility, investors tend to be better represented with active investing.  Our active money managers are watching for such opportunities in this volatile market. 



An RESP is one of the best ways to plan the funding of your child's education.


Check out this video for details on our RESP plans.  

February 5, 2018 ... the largest one day drop in the history of the US stock market.  Can you say volatility!


In response to this, here are some insights by Eric Lascelles Chief Economist at RBC Global Asset Management.


  • After a weirdly long period of extraordinarily stable and happy financial markets, the past few days have witnessed a violent reversal. Realized volatility has skyrocketed, future stock market volatility is now priced to be unusually high rather than unusually low, and the U.S. S&P 500 has shed more than 5% of its value over the past week.
  • As to what underpins this sudden change in sentiment, it wasn’t any sudden dose of bad news. No wars, corporate bankruptcies, recessions or other major macro shocks caught the market by surprise.
  • To the contrary, this development fits more neatly into two other categories.
  • First, markets had been preternaturally calm for an extremely long time. Bursts of volatility do come along every now and again, and this one was well overdue in a purely chronological sense. The high level of complacency, optimism and dare we say greed lately on display also created a vulnerability.
  • Second, the bond market had started to respond to the reality of tightening economic conditions, rising inflation and therefore central banks set to continue removing stimulus. The big increase in bond yields over the past few weeks, preceded by steady gains over several months, had started to dim financial conditions. The final straw appears to have been the U.S. payrolls report which revealed strong hiring but also stronger than expected wage growth (a negative for corporate income statements, and a hint about the late stage of the business cycle).
  • It is unusual for stocks to be down at the same time that bond yields are up (they have risen over the past several weeks, if not the latest few days). A more concerning signal would be if yields declined significantly, too.
  • In all of this, let us recall that the economic signal is still quite strong (if no longer accelerating as much as before), central banks are not obviously making any policy errors in raising rates, and stock market valuations do not look too badly offside in a structurally low interest rate environment. However, it is undeniable that the business cycle is fairly old. Our latest work argues that it is still in the “late” stage of the cycle, meaning the next downturn would normally occur within the next couple of years, but not obviously tomorrow.



Global equity markets managed modest gains in August.

A focus on strong corporate earnings and solid economic data offset a number of troubling global events. 

Bond markets rallied as yields dropped on weak inflation results and rising geopolitical concerns. 

Oil prices dropped as rising US production and ample supply continued to outweigh demand supported by a strong outlook for global growth. 

Gold prices rallied, supported by a flight to safety trade as geopolitical concerns rose, particularly in regard to a sharp increase in tensions between North Korea and the US.


CALM AMIDST STORMY CONDITIONS August is typically a period of light trading activity, which lends itself to volatility as fewer market traders can cause bigger market moves. Yet this summer most equity markets managed modest gains without dramatic swings. Globally, corporate earnings were very strong and evidence points to synchronized global economic growth. Once again, a month-end snapshot of capital results hides the stormy waters of politics, international relations and Mother Nature’s life-changing force and fury. The controversy that followed the violent events in Charlottesville, Virginia further revealed signs of political disorder in the Trump administration, while a terrorist attack in Spain and a sharp escalation of threats between the US and North Korea heightened investors’ concerns. Hurricane season has been particularly devastating this year. Hurricane Harvey ripped through Texas, only to be followed in quick succession by Hurricane Irma’s direct hit on the Caribbean and eastern seaboard states. These situations remain fluid and troubling from a human perspective, while the full economic effects are yet to be known. 



Over the course of the summer, equity markets saw little change. Gold prices benefited from the safety trade as geopolitical tensions rose, helping the Canadian materials sector post the month’s strongest sector return. In contrast, the energy sector continued to be weak in both Canada and the US as oil prices dropped while most other commodities (e.g. copper, natural gas, silver, gold) rallied on strong economic growth trends, indications of increased demand from China for industrial metals, a weak US dollar, and the aforementioned flight to safety trade that supported precious metal prices. Oil prices have come under pressure as increased US production contributed to the already abundant supply of crude in storage. The price for crude oil and refined oil products (i.e. gasoline) were volatile in August due to Hurricane Harvey’s direct hit on Houston, the center of the US oil and gas industry. Broadly speaking across sectors, both the S&P 500 and S&P/TSX Composite delivered very strong Q2 corporate earnings and sales results, helping to support stock values and keep both indices in positive territory for the month. The bond markets did not reflect the strength equities saw in the global economy. A modest flight to safety trade, weak inflation and geopolitical concerns added to the attraction of bonds in August. Yields fell, boosting bond market returns in both the US and Canada. The Bank of Canada surprised investors by raising rates early in September, becoming the most hawkish of the big global central banks. Meanwhile, the path to normalized rates and monetary policy in the US and Europe remains a topic of great debate in terms of both timing and pace. 



Economic data continues to reinforce a picture of accelerating global growth. Second quarter US real GDP was revised upward, while Canadian real GDP for Q2 blew past expectations, rising 4.5% versus the consensus expectations of 3.7%. The past four quarters mark the strongest expansion since 2006. Consumer confidence rose to record levels in both Canada and the US. US consumer confidence rose to 122.9 in August, marking the second highest reading since late 2000, and Canadian consumer confidence rose to 121.7, the highest level in nearly a decade. Rounding out the pleasant surprises, US ISM Manufacturing PMI jumped a healthy 2.5 points to 58.8, the highest level in six years. European and Asian markets also continue to report a steady stream of positive economic data, and tentative signs of a return to a healthier rate of inflation.



Over the past few months capital markets have managed to turn a deaf ear to Washington. There appears to be a new acceptance of verbal banter amongst politicians, with diminished effect in terms of signaling any meaningful progress toward policy change, such as Wall Street’s dream of tax reform. Instead, the market’s focus has been on economic data and fundamental corporate results, such as profitability and balance sheet health – and we approve. In short, it’s a stock-picker’s market. A disadvantage of passive investment processes and many exchangetraded investment options is their indifference to stock selection. Buy into an index as a whole and you forego the opportunity to differentiate the ‘good’ companies from the better ones, let alone the ‘bad’ companies from the worst. With a focus on stock selection, the goal of active portfolio management is to uncover companies with the most attractive attributes – those who are poised to deliver strong opportunities for capital appreciation within current market conditions. It’s the value of proven, defined investment processes combined with the experience and expertise of portfolio management teams that offer the combination of opportunity and risk management that can navigate today’s market conditions and deliver strong, long-term investment results. 

Statistics show that many Canadians are not prepared for retirement (article). In the majority of cases, this is the result of poor planning, overconfidence and an inadequate understanding of the keys to investment success.  While all three of these detrimental tendencies can be overcome by partnering with an experienced financial advisor, investors who take the time to educate themselves early on will have a higher chance of achieving their investment goals.  Below is a guideline for each decade of an investor’s life; a great reminder that effective retirement planning doesn’t start at age 55.


Key Takeaways


1.      Your 20s

·         Your top priority is education and the accumulation of the human capital that will generate and maximize future financial capital

·         Effective savings habits are formed early by living within your means and repaying loans as quickly as possible

·         Striving to eliminate all student debt by age 30 is an excellent goal


2.      Your 30s

·         Pursue your passions, develop and follow career goals and focus on learning how-to-invest skills

·         If you haven’t already, begin a disciplined savings plan of 5%-10% of gross family income and distinguish bad debt (credit card and other high-interest loans) from good debt (mortgage)

·         Aim for a financial base worth two to three times your gross family income, not including your residence, by the end of the decade


3.      Your 40s

·         Serious saving begins in this decade by effectively controlling the use of debt and repaying it wherever possible

·         Estimating required retirement capital and forming more specific retirement goals should also happen in your 40s

·         If you have been following a do-it-yourself investing model up until this point, you should consider working with a professional given the increasing complexity, and size, of your investment accounts


4.      Your 50s

·         Your savings rate will peak in this decade, in conjunction with your annual income

·         Modeling the required rates of return in your retirement plan will ensure effective asset allocation and improve likelihood of meeting and/or exceeding retirement goals

·         Assets should be between six and twelve times your family income


5.      Your 60s

·         Migrating from the accumulation phase to the income phase, assuming you retire in this decade, will mark the most significant shift of your investing career

·         Ensuring your assets are approaching and eventually meet your retirement goal becomes top priority.  Reducing risk annually as you approach retirement is also recommended

·         Treat your total capital as one single portfolio to effectively determine overall risk.  Your nest egg may be 20 times your family income, or higher


6.      Your 70s and beyond

·         Make a habit of periodically reviewing your capital projections and spending plan

·         Protect your capital from inflation and avoid becoming too conservative

·         Have the estate planning conversation with loved ones and design a plan sooner rather than later



Every investor is unique and everyone will encounter unexpected challenges throughout their lives that may impact their ability to follow their retirement plan to a “T”.  It is the unexpected obstacles that make us really appreciate having implemented a plan early and having had the discipline to follow it.  These obstacles are also far easier to overcome when working with a financial advisor who can use their knowledge and experience to adjust your strategy accordingly and get you back on track in short order.  

The bottom line market summary for Jan - Feb 2017:

- Global equity markets rallied in January & February. 

- US equity markets led the way with the S&P 500 hitting nine new all-time highs. 
- The S&P/TSX Composite also hit six new market highs in the month of Feb, but a strong US dollar created a headwind for the commodity-based sectors, and the Canadian market lagged its peers for month-end results. 
- Emerging markets continued their strong run in 2017, making up ground after a lack-luster fourth quarter in 2016. 
- Bond markets moved steadily forward, with longer-term bonds performing best as yields inched lower in the month.
- Corporate earnings results were strong across most developed countries, including Japan, Europe, Canada and the US. 
- A string of positive economic data helped boost investor optimism and increased odds of a US Federal Reserve rate hike coming as soon as March. 
For more indepth information, please visit: GLC Market Matters Update



Happy New Financial Year!
Wishing you a prosperous 2017!


US Market Update - December 2016


Check out this update from Leih Wang Sr Investment Manager with Empire Life.  Video Link: Lieh Wang Sr Investment Manager with Empire Life

December 5, 2016
In a surprise announcement last week, it was revealed that the organization of petroleum producing exporters (OPEC) reached a deal to curb the production of oil.  As a result, the price of WTI crude has surged 15% to $US 52.04 per barrel.  This week’s Update highlights an article from The Economist Magazine that provides perspective into the newly reached deal and how it is likely to impact markets over the near term.
Key Takeaways:

The deal:

On November 30th OPEC reached an agreement to remove 1.2m barrels a day (b/d) from global oil production as long as non-OPEC countries such as Russia cut production by an additional 600,000 b/d.

The agreed upon amount (1.8m b/d total) represents nearly 2% of global production, much more than markets were anticipating

Markets reacted positively to what will be the first cut since 2008 with Brent reaching a 16 month high of $US 55 per barrel


Looking forward:

Some speculators feel that this agreement marks the end of a two-year oil glut that has caused deep price cuts and pushed producers like Venezuela to the brink of collapse

If this trend in oil prices persists Saudi Arabia may be able to forget the fact that their plan to push competitors out of the market failed miserably

Success of this new strategy now depends on non-OPEC producers, most notably Russia, to follow through with their end of the bargain


Monitoring follow-through:

Cuts begin January 1st, 2017 and will last six months.  Traders will monitor oil-tanker traffic to ascertain whether fewer are leaving port

Determining whether Russia is also cutting production will be more challenging since most of their production is moved via pipeline

Perhaps the best indication that the deal is being adhered to will be a decline in global oil inventories which is expected to begin at some point next year


 Market Update for November 2016

Here is our market update for November 2016:

2016 Third Quarter Update - October 24, 2016


Please see a comprehensive 3dr quarter update on the markets provided by GLC Asset Management Group =>


October 10, 2016

What affect will the US election have on the markets?

This is the question on our investment clients' minds as we all sit watching the US presidential election heating up.  There is no doubt that the run up to the election will likely lead to some market volatility.  However, history shows that in US presidential election years, the markets have had consistantly provided positive returns regardless of which party has won.  Furthermore, if you have built an investment portfolio that is well diversified in various industries, various investment instruments and well diversified geographically, then it should withstand any election volatility as uncertainty around the US election should be short lived.  

Here is more information and commentary on the likely affects of the US election on markets:

Market thoughts for the week of September 19th, 2016

The price of oil has sat somewhere between US$40 and US$50 since April (WTI Crude;, and now analysts predict a near-term testing of this US$40 floor given lacklustre demand and more-than-sufficient supply.  Given Canada’s inextricable link to oil, a softening in energy markets does not bode well for Canadian investors however the long-term outlook suggests that a different storyline is developing.  This week’s blog write up highlights an article from the Financial Post that explains why the supply of oil is expected to decline over the next several years.
Key Takeaways:
  • Exploration yielded roughly one tenth as much oil in 2015 as it has on average since 1960 and 2016 figures are anticipated to be even poorer
  • Of course, this lack of oil discovery is largely due to the pullback in spending on exploration that began when oil prices collapsed in 2014
  • However, the 2.7 billion barrels of new supply that was discovered in 2015 (the smallest amount since 1947) and the mere $736 million barrels found so far this year will still impact prices given the longer term trend in demand
Spending cuts
  • Global spending on exploration has been cut to US$40 billion this year from about US$100 billion in 2014 and spending levels are expected to remain where they are through 2018
  • Exploration spending is easier to cut compared to development spending because of shorter supplier-contract commitments
  • The result is less drilling: there were 209 wells drilled through August this year, down from 680 in 2015 and 1,167 in 2014.  The annual average dating back to 1960 is 1,500
Playing catch-up
  • Kristin Faeroevik, managing director for the Norwegian unit of Lundin Petroleum AB, said it will take ‘five to eight years probably before we see the impact’ on production from current cutbacks
  • Ten years down the line, when the low exploration data begins to hinder production, it will have a ‘significant potential to push oil prices up’ according to Nils-Henrik Bjurstroem, a senior project manager at Oslo-based Rystad Energy AS
  • Overall, the proportion of new oil that the industry has added to offset the amount it pumps has dropped from 30 per cent in 2013 to a reserve-replacement ratio of just six per cent this year
While OPEC’s decision not to curb supply in 2014 shocked the oil markets and caused a major collapse that continues to stifle returns, the longer term implications are positive.  OPEC no longer has the ability to saturate the market, aligning the resulting behaviour of the energy sector more directly with actual supply and demand figures.  Geo-political tensions and policy decisions will remain potent influencers of the price of oil, but at least one variable has been removed.

June 27, 2016


Brexit Thoughts & Comments:

In an historic and unprecedented move the people of Britain voted (Leave 51.9% Remain 48.1%) to leave the European Union sending shock waves through global capital markets. A review of the above tables significantly masks the volatility experienced through-out the week as markets simply got ‘Brexit’ dead-wrong. The UK FTSE 100 is one of the most glaring examples with its meaningfully positive return for the week. The index was supported on Friday by its 17% weighting in large consumer staples exporters (aided by a lower British pound (GBP)) and 5% weighting in gold-miners. The intra-week moves (and indeed intra-day moves on June 24) were much larger for all asset classes than the weekly point-to-point results above. As an example, our chart of the week depicts the performance of four European assets in the 4-days leading up to Thursday’s vote, followed by Friday’s sell off. By the end of the day, global equities lost $US2.08 trillion in market value, the worst one day drop on record. At one point the GBP touched a 3-decade low of $1.3238 down 11% before finishing down just over 8% the magnitude of which rarely occurs in a single session. The US dollar, Japanese yen and gold all gained on a flight to safety. Due to the pre-positioning of expectations for a ‘Remain’ vote, the weekly results in these safe haven assets also do not reveal the sharp moves on Friday (1 day change: Japanese yen +3.7%, gold +4.9%, DXY +1.9%). 10-year German bond yields touched record lows (-0.17%) and finished at -0.05%, while 10-year US Treasury yields dropped 18 bps on Friday to close down 5bps on the week. Canada was not immune to Friday’s volatility (S&P/TSX -1.69%), but on a weekly measure, oil held above its 50-day moving average, the Canadian dollar moved only modestly lower, equities were flat and Canadian government yields actually finished higher across the curve.
But the voting result was not driven by economics. It was driven on emotions of nationalism, income inequality, a backlash against globalization and the desire for greater autonomy, especially over immigration. As Winston Churchill once said “The trouble with committing political suicide is that you live to regret it.” Ironically, many “Leave” voters may not live to regret it. But the young Britons who voted overwhelmingly to remain a part of Europe almost certainly will. Voting was strongly divided across age categories with younger people voting 64% to remain and the 65+ age group voting 58% to leave. In the wake of the vote there is much uncertainty, PM Cameron has resigned, staying on until a successor is picked; also resigning is the UK's European Commissioner. Who will be negotiating the UK’s divorce remains to be seen, as does the timing; until Article 50 is formally exercised by the UK, nothing changes. There is a debate in the UK and musings from the Continent on the speed at which a divorce should be done. Once Article 50 is invoked, the U.K. will have 2 years to negotiate a deal with the EU. The result is negative for the UK, whose goods trade with the EU is significant, accounting for 45% of exports and over 50% of imports, new agreements on trade will need to be negotiated and the EU’s attitude toward negotiations is an open question. Existing relationships within the UK are another source of uncertainty.

Regionally, there were stark voting alignments. Scotland, (62% remain) is already talking about a new referendum in order to maintain their ties with the EU. There are whispers around Irish re-unification as Northern Ireland also voted 55.7% ‘Remain’. The City of London (voted ‘Remain’) home to large financial services head-offices (financial services accounts for 8% of British GDP) may also suffer. A number of financial companies have indicated they may be moving significant personnel and operations from London to other EU financial hubs such as Frankfurt or Dublin. Even though UK 10-year government bonds rallied hard, (-28 bps on Friday to 1.08%, an all-time low), the country’s AAA rating is at risk. Rating agency S&P warned in May, and followed up Friday, with the comment that the rating is “untenable under the circumstances”. Moody’s lowered its outlook on the country to negative from stable, but affirmed the EU’s top rating.

The ‘Brexit’ result is likely a net negative for the global growth outlook, but not as severe as Friday’s market action might suggest. As noted, the initial financial market reaction was especially dramatic mainly because leading in to Thursday’s close markets had risen significantly on the week, convinced that ‘Remain’ would prevail (see chart of the week). However, even Friday’s equity sell-off was not a panic or disorderly. There were no ‘flash crashes’ triggered by the swift moves, no circuit breakers or complete exchange closures. Volatility did rise; the S&P 500 volatility index (VIX) climbed 8.5 points to 25.8, but remains below its February level of 28 and well below levels experienced during previous periods of market stress. For comparison, during 9/11/2001 the VIX spiked to 45 and its all-time peak was around 80 during the 2008 financial crisis. Putting things into context, the U.K. economy represents 2% of global GDP (9th largest) and the U.K. is 3% of U.S. trade and 2.5% of Canadian. The political, financial, economic and social implications of the vote will take months (perhaps years) to unfold. There are two primary concerns that raise global uncertainty in the near term:
  1. Contagion across other EU members, raising the prospect of additional referendums on EU membership and the future of the EU (bonds of weaker EU countries sold off).
  2. The impact on global growth through financial channels, business investment decisions and consumer confidence. Bank shares globally were hard hit on Friday adding to their year-to-date pain (YTD - Euro Stoxx Bank Index –34%, S&P 500 Bank Index –15%). Longer term, restrictions to the free flow of labour and capital hamper growth – the vote is a move away from the ideals of globalization.

Global monetary policy expectations are also on the move, post Brexit. The Bank of Japan faces a yen that has strengthened on safe haven flows, (+6% vs. the USD and 13% vs. the euro YTD) a negative for the struggling Japanese economy. The Bank of England (BoE) has a ‘Brexit’ contingency plan, likely there will be no interest rate hikes for the foreseeable future. In fact, rate cuts are now a distinct possibility. Expectations for a rate hike in the US have also shifted. The bond market is now signaling only a 15% probability of a Federal Reserve (Fed) rate hike this year (down from 50% June 23) and a 10% probability of a rate cut by year-end, a notion markets had previously not contemplated. Should the Fed stay on hold for longer, life becomes easier for the Bank of Canada, who is expected to remain on hold well past the initial Fed rate hikes.

The week ahead is likely to bring more ‘Brexit’ fall-out as markets deal with the ongoing uncertainty and resultant volatility. Consider that a petition calling for a referendum ‘do-over” with over 3.5 million signatures is already circulating. On Friday, Google reported a spike in searches in the UK for “What happens if we leave the E.U.?”. There will be plenty to discuss at the previously scheduled EU Leaders Summit and the ECB’s Forum on Central Banking. Traditional data to watch for in the quarter-ending week ahead: Canadian GDP and employment; US trade, GDP, inflation and PMI data along with readings on the consumer – confidence, spending and income.



Five reasons to love stocks, no matter what the market is doing.


Source - National Post April 15, 2016


Staying on track to meet your investment goals
The key to investing in turbulent markets is to avoid making hasty decisions that are mis-aligned with your long-term financial goals and could seriously set back your plans of achieving those goals.  As professional money managers we recognize that stock markets move in cycles, and throughout these cycles our role remains largely unchanged – stay focused on buying investments that compensate you for their commensurate risk, and generate excess return over the long run. Staying disciplined in our investment processes (i.e. avoiding the knee-jerk reactions), and taking an objective view of the markets and the economic conditions driving the markets is how we stay focused. 
Likewise, whether 2016 goes down in the history books as ‘the year the markets soared’ or ‘the year the markets soured’ is not in any one person’s hands. But you can choose to make 2016 ‘the year you were glad you had (and stuck to) a long-term investment plan”. Now is the time to re-confirm that your investment portfolio is aligned with your risk tolerances and long-term goals. And now is the time to realize the benefits of professional portfolio management (experts with the time, tools and experience to navigate market risks and capitalize on market volatility), diversification (particularly in volatile markets), and rebalancing strategies (to stay within risk tolerances) to keep you on track with your investment goals as markets move, shake and make their way through what may turn out to be another interesting year in capital markets. 


January 11, 2016


For global stock markets, we are experiencing the worst start to a year in over two decades. In fact, the S&P500 hasn’t seen a start like this since 1929, which turned out to be the beginning of the Great Depression.  Unlike in 1929 when the ‘roaring twenties’ led to massive overconfidence and a subsequent crash, the main culprit of this year’s volatile introduction is instability in China. China’s circuit breaker mechanism which was thought to slow “falling knives” has accomplished the exact opposite, resulting in panic and pandemonium both domestically (in China) and globally.


  1.  Chinese Currency devaluation


  *   Lowering the Yuan relative to other currencies, especially the US dollar, is meant to bolster Chinese exports.  Unfortunately, it may force surrounding nations to take similar actions in order to remain competitive, thereby lessening any positive impacts of China’s heavy-handed market manipulation

  *   The devaluation and accompanying volatility has also caused a significant exodus of Chinese wealth from the Shanghai and Shenzen stock markets.   These assets have consistently landed in more tangible offshore investments, namely the Canadian and U.S real estate markets

  *   This ineffective Chinese government intervention reaffirms the instability of some emerging markets, particularly those as opaque as China’s


  2.  Commodities and Canada


  *   Commodities have suffered as riskier assets have been affected by a ripple effect from China

  *   Oil reached new lows last week, belabouring the poor performance of the S&P/TSX in 2015

  *   There is no immediate sign of relief for the price of oil.  As such, foreign investors have continued to avoid our market


  3.  Flight to safety


  *   With market instability comes the inevitable flight of assets to fixed income securities and gold

  *   As a result, the price of Gold has risen and yields have fallen as fears of longer term volatility set in

  *   The U.S federal reserve is in the process of normalizing interest rates.  This curtailing of easy credit, combined with the current global volatility, will likely result in a noticeable decline of leveraged investors









Staying diversified by asset class, sector, geography and product type is the best prescription for a market (and/or client) with a weak stomach.  While ‘cashing out’ may feel like the right thing to do, and result in avoiding further downside, it often results in avoiding the significant upside that generally follows a correction as well.  For more information please contact us at any time.

Happy New Year 2016!

Jan 2015


New-year forecasts should generally be dismissed, largely because they are usually wrong. Forecasts tend to exhibit a recency effect whereby forecasters typically assume that what is occurring now is going to continue to occur. The challenge, beyond not having a crystal ball, is how to communicate market expectations even when we know they could be inaccurate.  The first step is to avoid forecasts that make highly specific predictions such as the exact price of oil or the expected annual performance of individual indices.  The second is to note that markets are and always will be unpredictable. With those concepts in mind, we look to the year ahead (from a relatively broad perspective) in five key areas of the Canadian economy.


Key Takeaways



  1.  Banking


  *   From a dismal Canadian economy and struggling energy producers, to low interest rates and a potential housing bubble, to increased regulatory pressure and the rise of nimble financial technology companies, bankers won’t exactly be coasting on ideal conditions in 2016

  *   However, the outlook isn’t all gloomy. Although fintech competition is on the rise, the banks are taking the threat seriously by establishing relationships with outside firms and developing their own in-house technology talent, leading to one of the most remarkable eras for financial innovation

  *   Additionally, the banks aren’t confined to their home turf. Royal Bank of Canada, TD and Bank of Montreal have substantial operations in the United States, where the economy is considerably stronger. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce wants to expand stateside, and Bank of Nova Scotia has a big exposure to Latin America. Add it all up and you can say this: 2016 won’t be all that dull


  2.  Energy


  *   Canada’s battered oil patch faces another grim year in 2016 as U.S. and global crude prices hover at severely depressed levels with few signs of recovery on the horizon


  *   Several forecasters have chopped their outlook for prices, foreshadowing deeper cutbacks in an industry already rife with suspended or reduced dividends, miserly budgets and job losses that number in the tens of thousands. The year ended with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries again refusing to rein in production to accommodate the expected return of Iran to global markets, driving U.S. and international oil prices down to multiyear lows

  *   Analysts expect the industry’s austerity binge to accelerate as high-cost producers struggle to bring expenses in line with rapidly dwindling cash flows. The Bank of Canada forecasts oil-patch investment levels will plummet another 20 per cent in 2016 after falling by 40 per cent in 2015. To be sure, some analysts believe conditions will steadily improve as demand for cheap crude grows and the boom in U.S. shale output begins to ebb


  3.  Manufacturing


  *   The manufacturing sector will begin 2016 much the way it began 2015 – with the expectation that it will be one of the bright spots in the Canadian economy, fuelled by a weak Canadian dollar and a strong U.S. economy that should give a big boost to Canada’s non-energy exports

  *   “Canadian manufacturers are set up with the pre-conditions for a very good year,” said Peter Hall, chief economist at Export Development Canada. The sector has been suffering the effects of the deep declines in resource prices, taking a particularly big bite out of manufacturers of petroleum and metal products. But even excluding those goods, manufacturing sales were down 1 per cent year to date – a testament to how much of the resource slump is spilling over to other parts of the economy that supply the country’s large resource sector

  *   “It’s really a tale of two types of supply chains,” said Jayson Myers, chief executive officer of Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters, the sector’s leading trade group. The outlook for exports of non-energy manufactured goods looks strong heading into 2016




  4.  Real Estate


  *   The Canadian housing market will likely face its most important test since the global financial crisis in 2016 as low oil prices continue to weigh on Alberta and Saskatchewan while new down payment rules from Ottawa are expected to take some heat out of Ontario and B.C. The slowdown will be even more noticeable because the housing market is coming off one of its best years on record, surprising many analysts who had predicted a soft landing in 2015

  *   Most housing market forecasters expect growth to slow dramatically in 2016. The Canadian Real Estate Association forecasts that national home prices will increase just 1.4 per cent in 2016, compared with more than 7 per cent in 2015. The market is already showing signs of stress, with average prices outside of Toronto and Vancouver falling by nearly 5 per cent for the year. Much of the pain has come from the oil-dependent Prairies. But new down payment rules from Ottawa, which kick in on Feb. 15, should only add more cold water to the market

  *   “The Canadian real estate market is already in correction mode,” wrote National Bank of Canada economist Krishen Rangasamy. Mortgage rates are also expected to increase modestly over the next two years. That will mean as many as 750,000 homeowners who are set to renew their mortgages will see their monthly payments increase, according to a study by the Mortgage Professionals of Canada. About half of those borrowers can expect to pay an extra $100 or more a month




  5.  Retail


  *   Retailers are bracing for a year of fast-paced change that could hit their bottom lines even as they raise some prices. A weak Canadian dollar will push up some import prices, although consumer resistance may force some merchants to swallow the added currency cost. At the same time, new luxury players will expand in Canada and help shake up that market amid the rise of e-commerce and shrinking physical stores. And 2016 will bring more pain for retailers in oil-squeezed provinces, particularly Alberta

  *   Merchandising sales are projected to rise 3.6 per cent in 2016, compared with an estimated 2.2 per cent in 2015 and 4.6 per cent in 2014, said retail consultant Ed Strapagiel. The retail slowdown in the second half of 2015 will carry over into the first half of 2016, with some pickup by the end of the year, he predicted. But some of that growth will simply be a result of higher prices of imported goods to make up for heftier purchasing costs in U.S. dollars as supply contracts and currency hedging run out, he said

  *   There are always winners and losers as changes are rapidly redefining the retail landscape as digital powerhouse Inc. and other e-commerce players step up their efforts while brick-and-mortar stores increasingly scale back. Retailers will need to find ways to marry their physical and digital stores and better serve the ever more important mobile customer

With the holiday season upon us and the ‘joys’ of shopping that come with it, we will highlight an article from tax expert Tim Cestnick that may help you avoid the mayhem at the malls.  Whether you have children or grandchildren, this article from the Globe and Mail offers up some sage advice for giving monetary gifts to young people.


Key Takeaways



  1.  Age 12 and under


  *   Contribute to an RESP.  With as little as $2500 per year for 18 years plus government grants and an average annual growth rate of 6%, you can build an educational nest egg of roughly $98,000!

  *   Give them an allowance and tie it to chores so that they learn what a strong work ethic can get them.  Encourage them to divide it into 3 buckets: savings, spending, and charity

  *   Set up a low fee bank account.




  1.  Ages 13 – 18


  *   Keep up the allowance and the RESP contributions.  If they have started earning some babysitting money or other part-time job income, the allowance will free them up to invest the part-time job money.   According to Tim and the CRA, children pay tax on the investment income earned with their money vs. interest and dividend income generated from money you give them being attributable back to you

  *   Create an in-trust account.  Endeavour to grow it with capital gains (cap gains are taxable to the child) and not interest or dividend income (taxable to the parent) and at age 18, the account becomes available to be transferred directly to the child

  *   Buy life insurance on their lives.  Not only does it become a savings vehicle but it turns into ready-made insurance – all transferrable tax free at age 18




  1.  Over 18


  *   Consider giving over the insurance and ITF account and discontinue allowance and RESP contributions

  *   Make a gift of assets – consider passing along inheritance before you die and in a taxation year that is advantageous to you assuming the gift is age appropriate and the recipient is responsible enough to receive it.  It will cut down on the tax bill at estate time

  *   Lastly, educate them on the benefits of the TFSA and investing early as well as the habit of filing a tax return annually




While the ideas listed above may not be gifts that can be ‘opened’, the lessons learned and responsible habits they help to form will ultimately be more valuable than the fuzzy socks or “un-cool” clothes you had planned on giving!  For information on any of the products or accounts mentioned above, please contact us at any time.



The incredibly tragic and senseless events in Paris and Beirut last week, like other similar moments in history, provide individuals with an opportunity to stop and evaluate a variety of their own personal circumstances.  Ideally, with our sympathy for those directly and indirectly impacted by the events, we develop an even greater appreciation for the safety and freedom we are fortunate to have in our own country.

Inevitably, there are a variety of repercussions that follow such events.  This week's comments, and the link provided to the Globe and Mail article it was inspired from, is simply providing information for those investors that may be worried about the economic impact this geopolitical event may have.

Key Takeaways:

1.  Equity impact


  *   While a short-term sell-off is somewhat expected, a prolonged economic impact is not expected given the resiliency of European markets after similar events in the past.  All markets remain open

  *   Some sectors may be negatively affected - specifically trade and tourism as France has the largest number of tourists in the world (representing 7.5% of its GDP)

  *   Companies directly or indirectly related to defense may see gains given ‘the prospect of more military action in Syria’ says Nicholas Colas, chief market strategist at the ConvergEx Group in New York



2.  Economic Impact


  *   Trade - increased national security slowing down trade may "bode ill for the euro" according to Brian Battle, director of trading at Performance Trust Capital partners in Chicago

  *   Consumer spending - specifically around luxury goods and tourism may be also impacted

  *   The initial damage to economic confidence may spur the ECB to continue monetary policy easing keeping pressure on the euro and aiding in exports



3.  Treasuries Impact


  *   “While the attack was in Europe, stocks all around the world will see pressure on Monday.  The typical risk off trade is out of global stocks, and into global sovereign debt and the U.S. dollar.” According to Colas

  *   A meaningful move into US treasuries would counteract the recent trend out of treasuries caused by the belief that the Fed will raise rates next month.  However with few expecting fallout from the attack to be big enough to affect Fed decision making, any Monday move will likely be short lived

  *   One reason for a possible volatile move into Treasuries is because the Fed rate hike anticipation has prompted heavy short positions in the 10-year Treasury.  That could exacerbate any move into safe-haven government debt





While most investors will be more focused on the victims of this weekend’s events, some may seek input on how their portfolios will be affected.  As with any geopolitical event, effective diversification provides the best defense against market uncertainty – whether the resulting volatility is short-lived or drawn out.

For more information on designing diversified portfolios, please contact us at any time.


Monday, November 2, 2015

Diversification is one of those rare financial planning concepts that most investors understand before their first meeting with an advisor.  The phrase “don’t put all of your eggs in one basket” is used so often that one might say it has been downgraded from a piece of helpful advice to overused cliché.  But just because the concept is understood by most investors does not mean it is appreciated.  Canadian investors continue to demonstrate a clear ‘home bias’, allocating dangerous proportions of their portfolios to Canada and until only recently they’ve been rewarded for their ‘patriotism’.  We highlight an article from The Financial Post that discusses the recent outflow of assets from Canada as investors are learning to appreciate the merits of geographical diversification the hard way.


Key Takeaways



  1.  Go with the flow


  *   Money is exiting Canada at the fastest pace in the developed world as the nation’s decade-long oil boom comes to an end

  *   Canada’s basic balance swung from a surplus of 4.2% of GDP to a deficit of 7.9% in the 12 months ending in June

  *   More recent data show the outflow extended into the second half of the year.  Meanwhile, the Canadian dollar touched an 11-year low against the U.S. dollar in September




  1.  Oil-based market, water-based dollars


  *   “The policy in Canada the last 10 years has greatly favoured investments in energy.  Now the drop in oil prices made all that investment unprofitable” said Alvise Marino, a foreign-exchange strategist at Credit Suisse Group AG in New York

  *   The impact of falling oil has been measurable both within the corporate landscape and amongst individual Canadian investors

  *   Nine of the 10-best performing companies on the S&P/TSX in the past two years have favoured buying growth abroad rather than expanding at home.   Domestic mutual-fund investors have pulled money from Canada-focused funds for six straight months, the longest streak in two years




  1.  The Canadian dollar


  *   According to Benjamin Reitzes, an economist at BMO, the CAD still has to get cheaper in order to make Canadian businesses more attractive than their foreign peers

  *   The median forecast among strategists surveyed by Bloomberg has the loonie weakening to $1.34 per U.S. dollar by the first three months of next year (down from roughly $1.31 now)

  *   The dollar’s decline has led to a pickup in manufacturing and service exports but activity remains below pre-2008 levels.  Reitzes believes the currency must stabilize before any meaningful pickup is seen in exports




An optimistic view of the Canadian stock-market’s underperformance this year is one that focuses on lessons learned for those who are overexposed to Canada.  It is also an opportunity to remind clients who were already well-diversified that their disciplined approach has boosted returns this year (the S&P 500, Nasdaq, MSCI EAFE and MSCI World are all positive YTD, while the S&P/TSX Composite sits at -7.31%).  Lastly, this year’s turbulence should be leveraged going forward as a prime example of just how handcuffed we are to the three sectors that dominate our market.  In order to gain exposure to sectors other than energy, financials and materials, looking abroad is an absolute must.


Weekly Commentary – October 26, 2015

Alfred Lam, MBA, CFA
Senior Vice President,
Investment Consulting

Sean May, MA, CFP, CIM, FCSI
Investment Counsellor

Richard J. Wylie, MA, CFA
Vice President, Investment Strateg




Source: Trading Economics, Yahoo Finance

Market Focus

Bank of Canada lowers forecast
Following its latest deliberations, the Bank of Canada left administered interest rates unchanged. At the same time, the central bank’s forecast for Canada’s GDP growth for 2015 was lowered to 1.1% from 2.0%. Looking further out, the broader economy is now expected to grow by 2.0% in 2016 and 2.5% in 2017, down from previous forecasts of 2.3% and 2.6%, respectively. While forecasts for longer-term inflation were left largely unchanged, overall CPI growth is now expected to be limited to 1.5% in 2016, down from 1.9%. In addition, the bank highlighted that the current inflation rate had not come down as much as expected, with prices for gasoline failing to drop as much as those for crude oil. The report stated that “typically, gasoline prices move broadly in sync with oil prices. However, this relationship has weakened in recent months.” The generally softer tone of this report suggests that any interest rate hike by the U.S. Federal Reserve would not necessarily be immediately mirrored by Canada’s central bank. This, in turn, could lead to additional weakness in the Canadian dollar.

U.S. housing continues to strengthen
Updated information from the U.S. Census Bureau revealed a 6.5% surge in housing starts during September. The gain was sufficient to raise the annual growth pace to 17.5%. With this report, the overall level of starts now stands at 1.206 million units (annual, seasonally adjusted). This is now the second-highest point (1.211 million in June 2014) in the post-recession period and is the sixth consecutive month above the 1 million mark. At the same time, the U.S. National Association of Realtors announced that existing home sales jumped 4.7% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.55 million units in September. This is also the second-highest reading of the post-recession period (5.59 million in July 2015). Annual sales growth in this category is now 8.8% and inventories stand at a modest 4.8 months’ supply.

China’s GDP slows
The world’s second-largest economy decelerated in the third quarter as China’s National Bureau of Statistics reported that overall GDP grew at an annualized 6.9% pace during the July to September period. The result was down from the 7.0% pace recorded in each of the first and second quarters of 2015 and the 7.3% expansion posted for 2014 as a whole. A secular slowing of GDP growth has been widely anticipated as the country’s ongoing shift from a rural to an industrialized economy continues. Official forecasts peg economic growth at 7.0% in 2015. However, cyclical cooling of activity in manufacturing and housing, coupled with softening world demand for China’s exports, has influenced the more recent data. Despite the slowdown, economic growth in China remains well above the pace seen in all of the other major industrialized nations.

Longer View

Following several years of a general expansion in the price-earnings ratio of equities, we believe returns from this asset class will moderate somewhat and become more closely tied to the rate of growth in company earnings. Also, we anticipate that after an extended period of declining yields in the bond market and therefore increasing bond prices, interest rates will likely rise, which would detract from bond performance. We continue to favour stocks over bonds as they have greater expected growth potential than bonds and are less sensitive to changes in interest rates. Having a professional advisor who can provide a diversified portfolio that takes into consideration your risk tolerance can help protect your investment returns from rising interest rates.

Weekly Summary

October 19
China’s National Bureau of Statistics announced that the economy had grown at an annualized 6.9% pace during the third quarter. This was down from the 7.0% posted in the second quarter and was the weakest three-month period since 2009. With the market braced for weaker results, this report is actually stronger than expected. However, it places the official forecast of 7.0% for the year as a whole at risk.

October 20
The U.S. Census Bureau announced that housing starts in September were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,206,000. This is 6.5% above the upwardly revised August estimate of 1,132,000, and 17.5% above the September 2014 rate of 1,026,000. At the same time, the number of building permits issued in September was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,103,000. This is 5.0% below the downwardly revised August rate of 1,161,000 but is 4.7% above the September 2014 figure of 1,053,000. The starts figures are considerably stronger than consensus estimates while the permits results are weaker. Activity in the housing market has a significant "ripple" effect on the broader economy.

Statistics Canada reported that wholesale sales edged down 0.1% to $55.3 billion in August. Declines in four subsectors, in particular the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector, accounted for the decrease. On a year-over-year basis, overall wholesale sales are now up 3.8%. This report was broadly in line with expectations. Activity at the wholesale level can be an indicator of future consumer trends.

October 21
■ The Bank of Canada announced that it was maintaining the target for its key overnight interest rate at 0.50%. The bank rate was correspondingly left unchanged at 0.75% and the deposit rate at 0.25%. These results are in line with expectations. The central bank also downgraded its forecast for the broader economy, indicating that any possible interest rate hikes contemplated by the U.S. Federal Reserve may not find immediate follow through in Canada. Canadian monetary policy, as decided by the Bank of Canada, has significant influence on both the domestic economy and the value of the currency.

October 22
The U.S. Department of Labor announced that initial jobless claims totalled 259,000 (seasonally adjusted) in the week ending October 17, an increase of 3,000 from the previous week's revised level. The previous week's level was revised up by 1,000 to 256,000. The four-week moving average was 263,250, a decrease of 2,000 from the previous week's revised average. This is the lowest level for this average since December 15, 1973 when it was 256,750. The previous week's average was revised up by 250 to 265,250. These results are stronger than consensus estimates.

Statistics Canada reported that retail sales rose for the fourth consecutive month, advancing 0.5% to $43.6 billion in August. The increase was led by higher sales at motor vehicle and parts dealers. Excluding this subsector, retail sales were flat. On a year-over-year basis, retail sales are now up 2.8%. This report is considerably stronger than consensus estimates. Since consumer spending accounts for over 60% of Canadian economic activity, it is critical for overall GDP results.

According to the U.S. National Association of Realtors, existing-home sales increased 4.7% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.55 million units in September from a downwardly revised 5.30 million in August (originally reported as a 5.31 million-unit pace). Sales are now 8.8% above the 5.10 million-unit pace in September 2014. These results are well above consensus expectations. Activity in the housing market has a significant "ripple" effect on the broader economy.

The U.S. Conference Board announced that its Leading Economic Index (LEI) declined 0.2% in September, following no change in August and July. The weakness in stock markets, the manufacturing sector and housing permits was offset by gains in financial indicators. This figure is somewhat weaker than market consensus. The report suggests that the expansion in the U.S economy remains neutral.

October 23
The People’s Bank of China announced that it was lowering the one-year benchmark bank lending rate by one-quarter of a percentage point to 4.35%. This is the sixth rate cut since November 2014 and is part of the continuing effort to jump-start the slowing economy. Earlier this week, the nation’s statistics agency reported that GDP grew at a 6.9% pace in the third quarter, modestly lower that the official forecast of 7%.

Statistics Canada reported that on a seasonally adjusted basis, the CPI decreased 0.2% in September, after posting no change in August. The decline was led by the transportation sub-index, which fell 1.4%. On a year-over-year basis the CPI was up 1.0%. The Bank of Canada's core inflation index rose 2.1% on a year-over-year basis, near the mid-point of its 1% - 3% target band. These figures are broadly in line with expectations, and are consistent with the central bank's forecast for neutral inflation.





Key market and economic performance highlights for the week of October 5th 2015. 


Global equities rallied strongly this week after retesting the August lows earlier last week. Although there continues to be numerous issues to worry about, from a technician’s eye, equities have put in a classic bottom. At the price lows last week several positive divergences in market internals began to emerge. More specifically, readings on percentage of stocks below moving averages; new 52 week lows; and on lower volume; just to name a few, failed to confirm the lows on stocks. This is also very consistent with historical corrective patterns where markets make initial lows and retest 6 to 8 weeks later with less conviction. In the chart of the week above we have illustrated one of these divergences where you can see in August both the index and percentage of members below their 150 day moving averages hit new lows. Then last week, with stocks spiking to new lows, breadth held up better. This positive technical action, along with several other factors, leads us to believe that the current rally has some legs. Emerging markets have rebounded post the bigger-than-expected interest rate cut by the Reserve Bank of India. The decline in the US dollar has helped sentiment in the commodity sector. While the emergence of significant M&A activity in the energy sector gives some hope that the worst in the oil patch may be in the rear view mirror. Suncor announced a hostile takeover bid for Canadian Oil Sands Ltd and the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board struck a $900 million deal with Encana on a package of shale assets in Colorado. Finally, the calendar is on your side, as the fourth quarter is historically the best time of year for stocks.


Admittedly the fundamental picture is not as clear. Last week’s disappointing US nonfarm payroll report cast some doubt on the strength of the US economy, and growth is not getting help from inflation. As we enter third quarter earnings season in the US, the strong dollar and weak energy prices are expected to keep a lid on earnings growth. Consensus bottom up projections have S&P 500 third quarter earnings declining 3%. Investors have to look out to 2016 earnings to see more reasonable valuation (note the S&P 500 is trading at 15.5x 2016 consensus earnings). In economic news, the release of the Fed minutes was largely a non event. They confirmed the primary reason for holding steady on rates was concerns about global growth and financial market volatility. The minutes also highlighted the improvement in housing and consumer spending, but inflation is being held low by the strength in the currency. In fact the Fed is prepared to risk higher inflation as opposed to tightening too soon. The negative impact of a strong dollar was evident in the August trade report as the trade deficit was worse than expected. With weak business investment and a trade deficit, US economic growth will rely heavily on the US consumer and fiscal spending. Although the US consumer looks strong, the US government is seemingly headed for another battle over the debt ceiling in early November.


Canadian equities benefitted this week from a rotation into the laggards with energy and materials sectors lifting 11.6% and 10.6%, respectively. While the previous market leaders like health care declined 5%. Canadian earnings season won’t get underway for a few weeks and expectations are quite low as energy continues to depress index-level earnings. Similar to the US, if 2016 consensus earnings hold, valuations become more palatable (note the S&P/TSX Composite is trading at 15.2x 2016 consensus earnings). Economic news in Canada was mixed. At first glance the 12.1k jobs added in September was positive, however it was all part time. Full time employment dropped nearly 62k. Surprisingly, Alberta added 12.3k jobs while Ontario lost 33.8k jobs spread across education, trade, and manufacturing. The unemployment rate ticked up to 7.1%. Not a great report, but nor was it a disaster. The August trade deficit also widened due largely to the drop in energy prices. Finally, the Canadian housing market continues to confound with better than expected starts of 231k. This may be some catch-up to the weak start to the year, but it was strong enough for the Canada Mortgage & Housing Corp to warn companies to manage inventories.


The Federal election is almost upon us and according to data compiled by CIBC World Markets the best outcome for markets would be a minority Conservative, which has on average delivered a 13% CAGR compared to 6% for a minority Liberal government. Interestingly, historically when it’s a majority government Canadian stocks have performed best with Liberal leadership (adding 7.5% on average per year) versus a Conservative majority (where stocks on average have declined 2.8% per year).

Outside of North America, eurozone retail sales increased a better-than-expected 2.3% compared to last year. This is good news for Europe, but unlikely to change the ECB’s commitment to further easing.


In the week ahead, in addition to a pick up in earnings reporting season the US will release September retail sales, CPI, PPI, industrial production, and capacity utilization. The most watched data will likely be out of China where a string of September data will be released, including retail sales, industrial production, fixed asset investment, and inflation.

Market Update - September 15, 2015


The past 6 weeks have been a roller coaster in the world markets.  Volatility is the 'word of the day!'


Some key points to consider when looking ahead based on the past 6 weeks:

  *  Concerns over Chinese driven economic growth and the devaluation of the Yuan started a market selloff in August that moved in a wave through Europe and North America

  *  An impressive rally was staged in the second half of the month with bond yields moving back up, oil gaining 29% from its August lows and North American markets moving up and out of official correction territory for the month

  *  We remain cautious on Chinese equities as we continue to see extremes in volatility and market speculation

  *  The US remains the world’s largest economy and as our closest neighbour, we are intricately tied to their economic well-being. Fortunately, the US economy remains significantly healthier today than prior to the 2008/2009 financial crisis. Banks and US households both have much stronger balance sheets than they have had in years

  *  Active portfolio management and disciplined investment processes were built for market corrections and gyrations like we experienced in August and they can and do find attractive opportunities amidst, and in spite of, market noise and volatility. 


Key Take Away:


The old market adage ‘when the US gets a cold, the rest of the world comes down with pneumonia’ needs an update. Perhaps something like "When China catches a cold, the US sneezes, emerging markets run a fever, Europe stays in bed with the chills, and commodities cough up a lung." We recognize that isn’t your everyday market summary, but it sums it up quite nicely for August 2015!



Tweets from Mike Fralick @FralickFinance


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